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‘Benvenuti’ to Travel Tuscany where we pride ourselves in offering only the best selection of Tuscany villa rental throughout the region. Romantic castles, luxury villas, characteristic farmhouses and village centre apartments both for short and long term Tuscany villa rentals. All of our offerings have been hand selected based on their value for money, cleanliness, locations and amenities offered. We can suggest superb locations for wedding and family reunions, romantic getaways for a honeymoon, or simply that perfect Tuscany villa rental or farmhouse for your unforgettable family vacation.

Why ‘Travel Tuscany’ ?

It’s Simple - send your criteria and let us suggest potential tuscany villa rentals for you if you do not wish to search through our site yourself. We need to understand your budget, if you have a preferred area, the number and the number of people in your group. Let us do the work for you! Email us here

Value for Money - Did you know that renting a self catering property is often ALWAYS more convenient than staying in a hotel and with so many more benefits. Your 'home away from home' in Italy is more affordable than you think! See a selection of luxury properties for under 25 euros per person per night!

Personally Selected - Working closely with the property owners we can assure you of the quality and amenities provided for our Tuscany villa rentals.

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Special Offers

Special Offers on Villa Anetta
Villa Anetta- 25 % discount for all available weeks until 4th May
Villa Anetta is an independant villa, built in the second half of the 18th century, is the centre of a property of over 18 acres of woods and olive groves. It is on the last western slopes of Mount Albano, approximately 250mt. above sea level.
Special Offers on Casale Fiorentina
Casale Fiorentina - 10% discount on any weeks from the 2-25th May 2013
This enchanting , newly renovated stone villa in situated in a wonderful, panoramic position overlooking the valley of the 'Val di Chiana'. The villa is surrounded by olive groves and fields of grapevines and is the perfect setting..
Special Offers on Villa del Cigno
Villa del Cigno - 20% discount for reservations made up until 31st March 2013.
Find yourself completely emerged in the beauty of Tuscan villa rental del Cigno in Lucca, Italy sleeps 12 persons with outdoor pool, internet, fax, microwave and telephone facilities.


Susan Cashman  Wedding in August 2002. Villa Monte 3
'We had he best time , the service in Siena was amazing - very emotional - everyone was crying! Then we went to one of the bars across the square for some bubbly and stayed there for a couple of hours.
June  February 2013
I want to thank you for all your help in creating a truly wonderful vacation for us and our friends. The Villa Martinaia was perfect.

Customer Satisfaction - You need only to read past comments from happy customers to see that we really do help to make this dream vacation a reality. We are real people, offering a real service and will work with you until we find the perfect solution for your Italian adventure.

Concierge Services - A vacation is much more than just the rental accommodation!

Often visitors to Italy are also looking for a memorable wine tasting excursion with your own private driver, a private chef to your villa for a mouthwatering italian meal, cooking and wine appreciation classes, a knowledgeable guide to walk you through the art cities or maybe even a program specifically designed for the younger members of your group.... We can organize any of these additional activities and more, even something as simple as a museum booking or suggesting a restaurant. We know Tuscany inside and out and it is our pleasure to make sure you make the most of your time here and have our support not only throughout the selection and booking but also afterwards for extra services. See some of our excellent excursions’ here!

Let the Tuscan Dream become a reality!

Let the experts take the confusion out of finding a villa for you. It is a mindboggling task to try to find the perfect tuscany villa rental and teamed with a great website where you can search by your budget or specific area or even look at past guest comments, we provide a consultant for you to understand exactly what you are looking for and help you through the process step by step and then any assistance needed during your vacation. Contact us now to ensure the best Tuscany villa rental selection for your vacation.


Achieve Your Dream Beach Home at Kahuna Ho Tram

Do you dream of having your own condominium at one of pristine beaches in Vietnam? Now you can own your dream Vung Tau condo at Kahuna Ho Tram or Dự án Hồ Tràm with their latest addition of a condotel and spectacular beach villas.

Overview of Kahuna Ho Tram Strip
Kahuna Ho Tram Strip is making big waves with its fifth phase of development in its Kahuna Ho Tram Strip Condotel and Villas. Currently the largest foreign investment Dự án Hồ Tràm has attracted tourists, investors, visitors, and families seeking their home sweet home. The name kahuna, meaning “big waves,” is fitting for a development that includes a world-class golf course, five-star hotel, beautiful beaches in integrated resorts, entertainment and relaxation facilities, premium shops and restaurants, and just recently, lush beach villa for sale or villa beside golf course and cruise ship-themed condotel.

Located only two hours from Ho Chi Minh, Kahuna Ho Tram Strip is an ideal place for tourists and investors seeking to be part of the next entertainment and tourist hub in Southeast Asia that will rival that of Phuket, Macau, and even Las Vegas. With the development of an international airport nearby, it is set to become a major ecotourism and economic center in Vietnam.

Premium Destinations at Kahuna Ho Tram
Some of the world-class destinations in the Kahuna ho tram resort in Vietnam include not only property investment opportunities or holiday resort investment options, but proximity to one of the world’s best golf courses, the five-star The Grand, and the Beach Club.

• The Bluffs Ho Tram Strip. Listed as one of the greatest golf courses in the world by Golf Digest, The Grand Ho Tram Strip was designed by Greg Norman and includes a clubhouse, restaurant, pro shop, banquet room, practice area, and locker rooms. The golf course was carefully-designed by one of the world’s best golfers to incorporate the natural features of the location that made it unique. Since its opening in 2014, it has left a good impression among golfers and visitors with the quality of the amenities and facilities and its competitive play and stay packages.

• The Grand Ho Tram. The jewel of the Ho Tram Strip is the 1,100-room integrated resort that as world-class accommodations for family, friends, and solo tourists. Accommodation includes grand double, grand king, grand suite, grand ocean view double, grand ocean view king, and premier ocean view suite so you can be kings and queens while basking in the luxurious experience at Kahuna Ho Tram Resort. The Grand Also features special events, but if you want to enjoy your time with family and friends, you can also visit the dragon slide, game center, grand cinema, spa, central park, fitness center, miniature golf, and jukebox karaoke.

Top Destinations at Vung Tau
Having your own Vung Tau condo also means you and your family will get to spend more time in the largest city of the Ba Ria-Vung Tau Province, which is popular for its resorts, theme parks, fabulous holidays and festivals that showcase both the old and modern Vietnam.

Consisting of sixteen wards, Vung Tau was known as a destination for traders and travelers during the 14th and 15 centuries, hence its name which means anchorage in Vietnamese. In fact, its original name is connected to its role as a viable stop for traders and fishers—Tam Thang or Three Boats. Even the Malay pirates used Vung Tau as a base for 59 years until King Gia Long sent an army to eliminate them. Although its role as a port has diminished in the past several years, its shipping and oil industry is still flourishing along with its tourism.

Vung Tau also played a significant role in the ouster of the French occupants in 1859. Some remnants of the French influence remain in the region, including that of the mansion of Paul Doumer, former governor of Indochina.

It was only during the Vietnam War when Vung Tau emerged as a premium destination for rest and relaxation when it became popular among army personnel. You can visit places such as Bai Sau, Bai Truoc, Niet Ban Tinh Xa temple, Thich Ca Phat Dai temple, Christ of Vung Tau, and Lang Ong Nam Whale temple. Don’t miss their festivals and celebrations such as the Kite Festival, annual festivals for the whale god Nam Hai General, and food festivals.

Ho Tram, one of the beach towns in Ba Ria-Vung Tau, is a sister beach to Ho Coc and is known for the Binh Chau hot springs, Tram Lake, and Binh Chau-Phuoc Buu Nature Reserve.

Overview of the Kahuna Ho Tram Condotel
If you’re going to invest in condo, why not pick the best by choosing one of the 164 units in the Condotel Tower? This 12-storey building will surely make you feel as if you are in a fabulous cruise ship with spectacular views of the sea, golf course, and the other sites in Kahuna Ho Tram Strip.

For those planning to invest in condo, choose from the 130 standard units, 8 penthouses, 14 corner units, 10 ground floor standard units, and 2 ground floor corner units. The ground floor standard units, penthouses, and ground floor corner units come with private pools, while the corner units all come with private Jacuzzis.

Overview of the Kahuna Ho Tram Villas
Dreaming of a villa beside golf course? How about a beach villa for sale with the best views of the sea? Check out www.kahunahotramresort.com for photos of The Garden and Beach Front Villas in the Kahuna Ho Tram with their breathtaking views and luxe amenities like private swimming pools, Jacuzzis, gardens and ponds.

Some of the units can be turned into a holiday resort investment such as one of the 36 Double Key Garden Villas that come with a private pool and garden. The best views can be enjoyed with one of the Single-Key Beach Front Villas that are bigger than the Double Key Garden Villas. The units are all connected through waterways and ponds that serve to enhance the view of the beaches.

Why You Should Have Aircon Repair

In the context of air-conditioning systems, the best person or company to ask help from should you need to have assistance with aircon maintenance or aircon repair is no less than an aircon professional.

Here in Singapore, some common problems why people have their AC units repaired are corroded wires and terminals, low Freon levels, dirty condenser and evaporator coils, and dirty filters. Furthermore, a problem with the thermostat is more difficult to solve. Once a thermostat fails to function satisfactorily, the AC unit cools a room all of a sudden.

Signs that You Need an Aircon Repair

You would know that your AC unit needs aircon servicing if it exhibits these common signs.
The first and most obvious sign that you already need an aircon servicing is failure of your AC unit to turn on. A cheap aircon servicing would suffice to help you diagnose the problem. As long as the technicians are licensed, they will be able to locate and fix the problem efficiently.

Second, be sensitive if your AC unit is not producing cool or cold air anymore. Turn off your unit and contact an aircon servicing technician right away because if your system seems to be producing warm air or room temperature air, there might already be some problems that need to be solved as early as possible.

Third, you need to do some aircon maintenance immediately if there seems to be an excessive leak of water than the normal rate. Also, let a qualified aircon technician check if the Freon level matches with your aircon manufacturer’s specifications. Furthermore, if you notice an ice build-up in the interior or exterior part of your unit, that really calls for an aircon repair.

Fourth, if you notice that your AC unit has been producing a strong odor, if there are sparks or if it emits smoke, disconnect the unit and contact an expert technician in Singapore as soon as possible.

Why Not D-I-Y Repair

Once you have seen or experienced some of those signs mentioned above, it’s time for a professional aircon servicing. Always keep this in mind: Never attempt to disassemble, repair, and reassemble your AC unit yourself because it is disadvantageous.

Aside from the increased risk of hurting and injuring yourself, attempting to repair your AC unit on your own can cause further damages. You can actually lose your 0.5% chance of getting your unit repaired if you prefer doing it yourself. Moreover, excessive damages can actually cost you more should you decide to finally turn your unit over to an experienced aircon technician. Experienced technicians from http://www.airconmaster.sg/ in Singapore have accurate knowledge repairing different aircon units.

Most importantly, you should always remember that aircon maintenance is necessary to see to it that your unit is running properly and efficiently. In other words, this is important to avoid premature aircon repair. But before everything, your newly bought AC unit needs to be installed properly by an expert technician to ensure that it will work in an efficient manner.

What Does a Coffee Cart Business Need?

Starting a food business in Singapore can be a challenge, because there are a lot of experienced and recognizable food and beverage establishments in the country. However, one advantage of a food and beverage business such as a mobile coffee cart is that there will always be customers willing to pay for good food and drinks.

When starting your own coffee catering or mobile coffee business in Singapore, you need to fulfill several business requirements and stock up on the best coffee cart equipment and coffee-making tools.

Food Business Requirements in Singapore

Operating a coffee cart in Singapore or any other food and beverage business without a license can get you into trouble, that is why you need to remember the following requirements for your mobile coffee cart business.

1. Incorporate your business at the Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authorities. For foreigners, a Singpass and an application to the Entrepass at the Ministry of Manpower are required.
2. Food Shop License is needed after the layout plan and/or tenancy agreements are completed.
3. Liquor License is needed if you’re planning to sell alcoholic beverages.
4. Basic Food Hygiene Course certification is needed for any food business.
5. Permits and licenses for importation of food and ingredients into Singapore are needed.
6. Halal License is needed if you want to serve Halal customers in your mobile coffee cart.
7. Registration at the Central Provident Fund if you are an employer.

Coffee Business Kitchen Equipment

If you’re planning to serve espresso, latte, café au lait, cappuccino, mocha, and other types of coffee in your coffee cart business, you need the necessary tools of the trade. Look for the following kitchen equipment and coffee making tools for your coffee push cart.

1. Automated Machine – During hectic hours, serve up to 10 cups in a matter of minutes to your mobile coffee cart customers using these machines. It usually includes a carafe that can keep the espresso hot for hours.

2. Grinder – Look for an industrial grinder that will produce consistently quality coffee grounds. For your coffee push cart, look for conical burr coffee grinders both for espresso and decaffeinated coffee. If you want to serve flavored coffees, however, you might need two commercial grinders to separate the flavors.

3. Kettle – There are digital kettles that can be used for a coffee push cart that will give you precise control of the temperature and even when pouring liquid.

4. Espresso Machine – Any coffee catering business needs this, because the espresso is the basis for all coffee types. Look for models with steam boiler, temperature control, and pre-infusion paddles.

5. French Press – This is essential in any mobile coffee business. Look for stainless steel models that are dishwasher-safe and have heat-retention.

6. Single-Cup Brewer – This machine is useful for coffee cart businesses that want to serve single-cup brews using ground coffee and even tea leaves. Look for models that will let you adjust the strength of the coffee.

7. Airpot Coffee Brewer – This is important when serving regular drip coffee, although a single-cup brewer might be faster for a mobile coffee cart business.

8. Syphon – The syphon also adds a sophisticated look to your mobile coffee stand. Look for sturdy models with a heat-resistant glass that will last for years.

9. Cold Brewer – This machine will let you serve cold crews fast without compromising the quality of the drinks.

10. Pour-Over Drippers – Look for drippers that have flat bottoms and tiny holes for a more efficient and fast coffee service.

11. Water Filter – Look for commercial-quality filters that will not break easily when dropped.

12. Blender – Commercial blenders for mobile coffee cart will make your preparation of frozen drinks easier, such as iced latte, macchiato, and frappe.

13. Refrigerator – Any food business needs a commercial counter refrigerator, but look for models that will fit in your coffee cart stand. This is also an essential storage for the milk and other food items.

14. Ice Machine – Look for undercounter models that you can place in your mobile coffee stand.

15. Hot Water Dispenser – This will help decrease the coffee preparation time in your coffee catering business.

16. Filtration Machine – Your coffee cart business will use up a lot of water, but water with high mineral content can ruin your coffee machines. Invest in a filtration system that you can install in your coffee push cart to protect your equipment.

17. Oven and Toaster – If you’re planning to serve snacks, make sure to invest in a commercial toaster and oven that will fit in your coffee cart.

18. Pastry Case – Determine the right size for your mobile coffee cart first before purchasing a display case for your snacks.

Coffee Cart Tools and Ingredients

In order to serve high-quality coffee products like what https://www.butlerkoffee.com/ in Singapore has been serving people for years, you need quality coffee equipment for your mobile coffee cart. Stock up on essential supplies, such as the following:

1. Coffee mugs
2. Espresso cups or paper hot cups with lids
3. Plastic cups with lids
4. Coffee sleeves
5. Dinnerware
6. Plastic flatware
7. Stirrers or straws
8. Paper napkins
9. Cup, lid, and straw organizer or dispenser
10. Coffee filters
11. Measuring spoons and cups
12. Espresso tampers
13. Syrup pumps
14. Sugar pourers
15. Creamers
16. Knock boxes
17. Frothing pitchers
18. Frothing thermometer
19. Condiment organizer
20. Timer
21. Scale
22. Coffee or espresso
23. Milk
24. Sugar or sweeteners
25. Creamers
26. Tea bags, loose tea, and chai
27. Hot cider
28. Chocolate
29. Flavoring syrups
30. Fruit mixes and purees
31. Smoothie mizes
32. Grania or slushy syrups
33. Sauces and toppings

Finally, always remember that quality always beats quantity. Perfect your gourmet coffee by investing in the right equipment, supplies and ingredients.

How to Make the Most Out of Your Stay at Kahuna Ho Tram

The Ho Tram Project Company is proud to present their latest addition to The Ho Tram Strip for property investment: The Kahuna Ho Tram, a high-class complex of beach villas and condominium units that are sure to be as breathtaking as they are luxurious.

Kahuna Ho Tram is only a few hours’ drive to Ho Chi Minh City – far enough from the bustle of urban life, but not too far as to miss out on the fun of being at the center of everything.

When it comes to holiday resort investment, there’s a lot that Vietnam kahuna ho tram resort has to offer to make your stay the best that it can be. For instance, here are some of the things you can do to make the best out of your stay:

Appreciate the sunrise

Kahuna Ho Tram’s strategic location allows you to enjoy the early Vietnam sunrise from the comfort of your own Vung Tao condo.

The Kahuna Ho Tram condotel situated in Ho Tram beach is designed to face the sea, with more than a hundred available units for sale. This includes the single- and double-key villas, the beautiful seaside jewels that grace Kahuna Ho Tram’s crown.

Choose to have your morning dip between the beach and the pool

Kahuna Ho Tram Resort has an abundance of swimming pools that you can take a swim in at your leisure. The project is built around a water backbone, will also give you an easy access to the beach where you can take a dip at right after you wake up.

And if you’re feeling a little worn out, you can even unwind with a quick dip or a long walk just as the sun sets – the perfect activity to wrap up your long day.

Another highlight that you should check out is Ho Tram’s wide variety of water sports and activities available at their resort. From aqua fitness to beach-side yoga, to surfing – what more could you ask for?

Try out the recreation and entertainment center

The Strip’s recreation and entertainment center includes not just multiple swimming pools you can dive in at your amusement, but also has all kinds of water features and amenities that enhance your seaside experience.

If you’re looking to relieve your stress, Ho Tram also offers their signature spa, complete with their trademark variety of treatment options as well as a full fitness center where you can enjoy the stunning view while still staying fit.

Kahuna Ho Tram’s Recreation and Entertainment Center also includes an auditorium and multiple cinemas that can accommodate you and your whole family, and with the opening of the brand-new putt-putt miniature golf course, there are now more ways for you to enjoy your stay.

Give your luck a shot at the Strip’s casino

If you’re looking for something more high-stakes and thrilling, come on down and give your luck a shot over at The Grand Casino, one of the biggest in all of Vietnam.

As the first of its kind, Kahuna Ho Tram’s large-scale casino has more than 90 live tables, as well as five hundred slot machines and different types of table games such as poker and blackjack, each one more thrilling and exciting than the last.

Experience the beauty of nature with The Bluffs

If you’d like to take a moment to appreciate it, grab a caddy and head on over to Kahuna Ho Tram’s The Bluffs, an 18-hole golf course that perfectly captures the essence of what playing links golf truly is.

Designed by Greg Norman and rated as one of the top 100 golf courses around the world, The Bluffs is truly a sight to behold. With dramatic seaside views complementing the sloping land full of greenery, playing links golf here is perhaps one of the most unique experiences in the world.

This is all thanks to The Bluffs’ unique geographical layout, where the very golf course incorporates the natural sloping, rock formations, and fauna of the landscape. So whether you’re out for a day of swinging your club or only out for a long walk, The Bluffs will surely be breathtaking.

Enjoy the watering holes and restaurants

There’s no need to drive out too long just to have a fancy dinner. If you’re feeling hungry, Kahuna Ho Tram offers a wide range of restaurants and bars that specialize in different cuisines, as well as various shops and entertainment facilities so that you’ll never grow bored.

If you’re the partying kind, Kahuna Ho Tram also has you covered. A long night of fun also awaits you at the many bars only a few steps away from your own beach villa for sale, where you can meet all kinds of people and make new friends over trademark drinks prepared by expert baristas.

The Ho Tram Strip is the currently one of the largest tourism developments in Vietnam. With already over a billion dollars into property investment, much more can be seen to flow through it even as it approaches its final completion date in early 2019.

With so many things that can make your stay worth your while, whether you’ve chosen to invest in condo units, or in a villa beside golf course, your best choice for property investment is now here.

Invest in condo units and a beach villa for sale now while they’re still up for grabs! Check out http://www.kahunahotramresort.com for more details about investing on Vietnam’s largest tourism development.

10 Plumbing Red Flags that Need a Pro Plumber

Plumbing is like that dirty little secret that no one wants to talk about, because who would want to discuss leaky toilets and clogged drains? But ignoring these problems can cost you a lot for repairs and renovations, not to mention earn you a reputation of having a dirty, smelly bathroom especially if you own a business or an office. Watch out for these ten warning signs that tell you there are problems in your home or your office’s plumbing works.

1. Leaky or Dripping Faucets

Can’t sleep from the sound of the faucet dripping every night? Has your water bill suddenly spiked after you have noticed that you cannot fully turn of your faucet? The problem has become so common that most households choose to ignore the problem because it’s bothersome replacing the faucets. It isn’t a major leak after all. But why wait for the pipes to burst, when you can simply call a recommended plumber from Singapore to fix the problem. It’s a lot cheaper to replace leaky faucets, shower heads, and pipes than to commission a repair with a plumbing contractor.

2. Leaky or Sputtering Toilet

Admit it, not all of us would willingly want to do the dirty work to fix a leaky toilet, but like dripping faucets, a gurgling, bubbling or sputtering toilet can cause a lot of money when the problem becomes simply more than an annoyance whenever you pull the flusher. There are a lot of problems to watch out for such as strange noises, ghost flushing, and a malfunctioning flusher, but a scheduled maintenance with a plumbing services company in Singapore can save you a lot of money.

3. Stains on the Ceilings or Walls

When you see these signs, it’s usually bad news, because the stains are caused by major leaks I the pipes or some other part of the plumbing works. Repairs can be a hassle especially if you live in a residential complex and the leak isn’t coming from you but from one of your neighbors. Call a 24 hours plumber if it’s an emergency or arrange for an inspection and repair with a plumbing contractor to address the problem.

4. Bad Odor

Although it’s not unusual for public restrooms and bathrooms to smell, it could be a warning sign that there are problems in the plumbing works if the smell doesn’t go away after cleaning. Call a reliable plumber to inspect the drains, pipes, and the sewer line that may be causing the foul odor. It’s also a good idea to schedule a regular checkup and maintenance if you own an office or a business, so you wouldn’t gain a bad reputation from your clients and customers.

5. Weak Water Pressure

Poor water pressure is usually caused by clogged pipes, a problem that should be addressed immediately by contacting a plumbing services company in Singapore to replace the leaky or old pipes that could later cause structural damage in the building.

6. Poor or Clogged Drainage

Some of the common causes of poor drains are old and faulty pipes, buildup of debris and grease, and damage to the sewer pipes. Not only will your drains become a home to bacteria, mold, and vermin, but it will also leave a foul odor and damage the structure if it’s not addressed. Call the nearest plumbing services to determine the cause of the poor drainage and prevent major plumbing problems. You should also schedule a regular cleaning and inspection of the drains to prevent buildup of grease, soap, dirt, and other debris.

7. Mold and Mildew

Mold growth in the kitchen and bathroom can be a health hazard, but it is also a sign that there is a problem in your plumbing somewhere. Mold and mildew, a type of mold, thrive in areas that are damp and dark, and might be an indication that there is a hidden leak in that area. Call a reliable plumber in Singapore to conduct an inspection.

8. No Hot Water from Water Heater

The installation, repair and maintenance of water heaters in commercial and residential buildings are also part of the plumbing services company’s job, that is why you should only hire a licensed plumber to install your water heater system properly to avoid problems later. The water heater also needs constant maintenance because it is prone to a lot of problems. If there is not hot water coming from the system for example, it could be caused by a faulty heating element or thermostat or a blown fuse.

9. Cloudy or Dirty Water

Even if you don’t drink from the tap, you should make it a habit to inspect the quality of the water to determine if your plumbing has problems. A cloudy or dirty tap can be caused be several factors such as the accumulation of manganese in the pipes, carbon dioxide bubbles, copper pipe erosion that could also cause a metallic taste, chemical permeation especially if the pipes are made with polyethylene, or the presence of blue-green algae. The first two are harmless and will only cause either brownish or milky white water, but for the rest, contact http://www.superplumbers.sg/ as soon as possible.

10. Weak and Stained Bathroom Tiles

Improper installation of ceramic tile flooring can cause a lot of problems in the plumbing, but most people do not notice this until the problem has caused the tiles to become stained and weakened. Like the water stains on the walls and ceilings and damages in the drainage and supply pipes can cause structural damage when ignored, but by this time the problem has already become significant enough to require a renovation. To prevent this from happening look out for recurring mold and mildew growth, musty odors, gaps in the tiles and caulking, and warps or breaks in the bathroom walls. Contact a plumbing contractor in Singapore to address the problem.

How are Trademark Rights Enforced?

Trademark registration is not a mandatory process for companies, businesses, and organizations in Singapore, although a registered mark will include advantages that an unregistered mark does not have.

Trademarks as Intellectual Property

If a company decides to apply to register trademark at the Intellectual Property Office of Singapore (IPOS), the owner will in effect be applying for the protection from infringement and obtain exclusive rights to a trademark.

A trademark is one of the components of intellectual property, which is also made up of patents, copyrights, designs, and trade secret. It is a distinctive symbol, name, numeral, letter, design, color, shape, or other devices that distinguishes the company from other traders and firms. The registered mark is used to communicate to the consumers a company’s identity, message, and the type of products and/or services they produce/render. Trademark registration’s basic principle therefore, is to give the company the exclusive right to use that unique mark to indicate where the goods and/or services came from.

The importance that Singapore places in intellectual property rights is shown in nothing less than the Singapore Trademark Act that was passed in 1998 as a response to the Paris Convention for the Protection of Intellectual Property. The country is also a signatory to a number of international conventions, such as; Berne Convention, Budapest Treaty, Madrid Protocol, Nice Agreement, Patent Cooperation Treaty, The Geneva Act of The Hague Agreement, UPOV Convention, WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty, and WIPO Copyright Treaty.

The purpose of protecting a trademark through a trademark registration is to discourage unfair competition from companies that seek to confuse consumers with similar or copied marks. To register TM means that a company’s mark registered with trademark registration at Singapore is no longer an unregistered trademark or an unregistered service mark that other competitors can imitate for their benefit. It will be easier to sue companies for infringement, the term for trademark violation, and to receive damages because the burden of proof of ownership will fall on the offender.

Protection of a Trademark

Trademarks that can be protected under the trademark laws include word/s, a combination of words, numerals, letters, symbols, drawings, shapes, colors, and even sounds. There are conditions that must be met, however. Before the owner can apply to register trademark, it must meet the following criteria: the trademark must be graphically represented; it should distinguish the products and/or services of the company from competitors; it should be unique; it should not include descriptions of the products and/or services; and it must be in the customary language. In some countries, features such as taste and smell can be registered, but these are not accepted in Singapore.

When the application for a trademark registration is approved, the owner can enjoy the protection of the Singapore Trademarks Act in the event of an infringement. If there are similar marks that wish to apply for protection, the IPOS operates in a first-to-file policy, which is why it is sometimes recommended to file an application to register trademark before the mark is even used in public. There is also a rule that the owner of the registered mark must use it within five years from the date of the approval so that it cannot be revoked due to non-use.

There are many ways to protect a trademark from infringement that are covered by the laws, which includes the following:

1. Trademark Registration: The first step of course is to protect your brand by registering your trademark. The IPOS handles all the trademark registration application in Singapore, but if you wish to apply for protection in other territories, you could also apply for international trademark registration.

2. Use of Notices: Some unregistered trademarks use the symbol ™ to indicate that they are claiming ownership of the mark. However, the symbol does not mean the trademark is registered. The ® symbol on the other hand, will tell the consumers that it is a registered mark. Trademarks registered with http://www.brandmark.sg/ in Singapore that have not been registered or still have pending applications are not allowed to use the ® symbol.

3. Pursue Infringers: Owners with registered marks can actively pursue infringers because they have a strong case against violators. They can also pursue cases such as dilution where the trademark is used to destroy or tarnish the image of a company. This is still considered an infringement.

4. Controlled Licensing: An owner with a registered mark can choose to license the trademark with other parties through an agreement. The owner still has control over the products and/or services of the company and may be compensated monetarily.

5. Owner Responsibility: The owner of the registered mark is also responsible for keeping the image of the company strong and reliable for the consumers. Alterations and additions in the trademark that will confuse the consumers will weaken the trademark and the company’s image, although a family of marks similar to the registered trademark can be created to strengthen its value.

Benefits of a Trademark

A registered mark is protected for ten years from the date of the application and may be renewed indefinitely for another ten years. The trademark registration process in Singapore usually takes between 8 to 12 months, but the benefits are worth the wait.

• Trademark as an Asset: A registered mark is considered an asset and an intangible property of the company. It distinguishes your company from other competitors and can be used to expand or improve your business. It can be sold or licensed to other parties like any other type of property, too.

• Trademark as a Protection: A registered mark will protect the identity of your company. Consumers will recognize your products and/or services right away from among the numerous competitors. It will also serve as a legal protection that will prevent other competitors from trying to confuse your consumers. In case of legal disputes, the registered mark has more advantages than an unregistered trademark, and will cost the company time and money to defend.

Common Office Printer and Copier Issues to Watch Out For

The copier machine and the office printer are among the most useful devices in any office in Singapore. That is why there are multifunction printers and copiers that can do a lot of things such as fax, scan, email, and support different types of devices and connections. Other machines have specialized functions for specific needs, such as the colour printer and graphic arts printer, but even with the host of improved features, the laser printer or copier machine also come with a host of complicated problems.

What are the most common copier and office printer problems you should look out for when you buy printer in Singapore?

Paper Jams

The most common problem with a copier or office printer is the paper jam, so the machine should come with a guide on how to deal with this problem. First, you need to inspect the paper path so you can remove the jammed paper. Your printer supplier will warn you not to leave any stuck paper when clearing the jam, especially in between the rollers. Make it a habit to check the paper tray’s alignment before copying or printing and use only the type of paper that is supported by the copier machine or laser printer.

Slow Printing

It’s frustrating when the staff needs to finish a lot of paperwork within the day but the laser printer doesn’t want to cooperate. Slow printing is usually caused by memory issues, use of the type of drivers, and a very high-resolution setting. To solve this problem, printing colored materials with a office printer in Singapore should be done separately from printing of mono text in a specialized printer, so if your office needs to print images, buy printer such as a graphic art printer or colour printer. If your office is using a laser printer, make sure that it supports a variety of drivers, and set the resolution to standard or normal if you don’t need high-quality documents. Finally, use a simplex mode instead of a two-sided printing process to accelerate printing.

Lines or Dirt on Paper

The lines or dirt on the documents may be caused by a dirty scanner mirror, faulty drum unit, or faulty fusers. If cleaning the mirrors don’t do the trick, the machine needs to be inspected by a mechanic to check the drum and fusers. These parts will need to be replaced by the manufacturer or the office supplies provider.


Overheating is still possible even if the copier machine is placed in a well-ventilated area. Make sure that the employees check the warning codes before proceeding with any printing activities to avoid damaging the machine completely or causing fire. The copier needs to be cooled after every few hours or you will need to buy another machine if one cannot handle all the task.

Toner or Cartridge Issues

To avoid issues with the toner or cartridge, use only the products that are compatible with your laser printer or copier machine. Check the ink level regularly before printing and do not replace your toner or cartridge with third-party products that will result in low-quality documents.

Ink or Toner Expenses

It’s not usually the machines that will cost the office a lot of money, but the ink and toner replacement. When buying a printer in Singapore, consider how many documents need to be printed within a day and if the staff needs high-quality materials. If office documents do not need to be high-quality printouts, then set the resolution in standard quality. For offices in Singapore that need a large output of printed materials daily, a high-capacity toner or cartridge is ideal. If your office doesn’t need to print a lot of documents, however, use only a low-capacity toner or cartridge.

Confusing Codes

A modern copier machine can usually diagnose its problems and report it through the LED screens using codes. To avoid confusion, make sure your staff is briefed about the common error codes besides paper jam and low ink levels. You can also post the common error codes near the copier machine for reference. This will save your company money by not resorting to the mechanic or IT personnel all the time to fix minor problems.

Light or Dark Copies

If the documents are either too light or too dark, check the density controls on the machine and reset it to its previous solution. If this doesn’t work, the drum unit might need replacement from the manufacturer.

Spots on the Page

The spots on copied documents might be caused by a dirty mirror or drum unit. The mirror can be cleaned, but the drum might need replacement if the spots on the documents appear on random parts. Contact your manufacturer or office supplies provider to fix the problem.

Scanning Issues

If your copier’s or printer’s scanner doesn’t work anymore, try reinstalling the software because it might be corrupted. If this doesn’t solve the problem, you will need to contact your office supplies provider or the manufacturer to check the machine.

Low-Quality Photos

If your graphic art printer or colour printer isn’t printing quality photos, check the paper that you’re using. The manual usually includes instructions on the type of photo paper that you should use, and make sure to key in the right paper type on the settings before printing. If these do not work, check your ink level or do a print head alignment and nozzle cleaning.

Printer isn’t Printing

The copier machine or the office printer might not be printing because of several issues. Check the type of paper loaded on the tray, the correct connection of cables, the setup of default printers, and the correct installation of network-connected and USB-connected computers. There is a printer in Singapore with a two-way communication feature that can diagnose copier and office printer issues without having to physically check the machine. If all these precautions don’t work, you will need to reboot your printer or restart your software application.

Questions to Ask Before Engaging a Cosmetic Surgeon

As you start researching for a potential plastic surgeon in Singapore, you probably already have many questions that you’re dying to ask. Or maybe you’re quite lost and don’t know where to start or what questions to ask. Most people get intimidated simply by the thought of questioning an authority, and who is more of an authority figure than a cosmetic surgeon? After all, he is the person who could potentially improve or worsen your looks.

However, there’s a lot of things that you should consider before deciding to engage a particular aesthetic clinic or surgeon to get your injectable nose fillers. You would definitely want to know as much as possible about the skills and experiences of your prospective surgeon. So without dragging it further, we’ve listed some of the questions that you should ask your surgeon before deciding if he’s the right person to perform your procedure.

1. Are you a Board Certified Surgeon?
You might be asking as to what it exactly means to get a board-certified plastic surgeon. Getting a board-certified surgeon means that you’re hiring a surgeon that passed and completed an extensive, specialized training that doesn’t just show his experience and knowledge but also his commitment to provide an excellent service in the field.

There are actually a good number of certifying boards that are meant for plastic surgeon, but there are only few certifying boards that are considered as a gold standard in surgeon certification around the area in Singapore. Keep in mind though, that a certification isn’t the only thing that you should look out for since there are also other factors to be considered in choosing the right surgeon.

2. How many times have you performed this procedure?
It’s quite obvious that nobody wants to be there surgeon’s first nose job, even if it’s just injecting some nose fillers. Aside from that, most of us might not even want to be one of the first fifty patients that the surgeon who does nose fillers at Singapore could operate on and practice his medical techniques. Personally, I would hire a surgeon who has performed a particular cosmetic procedure over 200 or more times.

When you’re going to visit your surgeon, don’t feel embarrassed or rude about asking this question. It’s better to be uncomfortable and embarrassed than disfigured, right?

3. Who will assist in the procedure and where will it be done?
Knowing who will be part of your surgeon’s surgical support team is also important. In discussing this with your surgeon, do ask the following questions:

• Who will be monitoring and administering the anesthesia?
• Will there be any emergency staff available in case of a problem?
• If the procedure will be performed either in a teaching hospital, will there be interns or medical students assisting?

Aside from the surgical assistance, it’s also important that you know where the procedure will be done. Some surgeons opt to perform in hospitals, while some are more comfortable in their aesthetic clinic. Keep in mind that the complexity of your procedure should be considered in deciding on the place as to where the surgery would be performed.

4. Do you have any hospital privileges to do this procedure?
Even if your procedure will be done outside of the hospital, it’s still worth to ask your surgeon if he has hospital privileges to perform the cosmetic procedure since some hospitals have strict requirements and regarding the surgeon’s training and safety records before they grant a practitioner’s operating privileges. Also, these privileges can become important in case something unexpected would occur during your procedure.

5. What is the exact breakdown of the costs for the procedure?
Most people who undergo a cosmetic surgery don’t just realize that there’s actually a lot more to your total surgical fee than just your surgeon’s fee. Aside from that, other fees include laboratory fees, operating room fees, anesthesia fees and other variables that could add up to the cost. It would also be wiser if you ask for a written breakdown, so that you won’t be facing some ugly surprises when your operation is all set and done.

Looking for a cosmetic surgeon who will perform your procedure isn’t really easy. Aside from the skills and experience that you should consider, it’s also important that you’re comfortable in working with your surgeon, and with the help of these tips, we’re hoping that you’ll be able to find the right surgeon that you’re looking for.

Breaking Down the Nose Filler Job Procedure

Nose fillers, also called non-surgical rhinoplasty, is an alternative to surgical rhinoplasty that is offered in the best aesthetic clinic in Singapore. It is still an augmentation procedure, mostly for cosmetic reasons, that is considered safer than going under the knife because it has a faster healing time and there is only minimal pain.

You may be wondering how this is possible, so, let’s break down the nose filler procedure to understand how it’s done and what are its effects.

Who Can Get Nose Fillers?
Nose fillers are ideal for individuals who are only looking to correct minor cosmetic problems without the pain of surgery. If you have bulges or bumps on your nose for example, you can consult an aesthetician at the nearest aesthetic clinic in Singapore to determine the best procedure. You will not need a cosmetic surgeon for this, but make sure that you visit a reputable aesthetic clinic to avoid issues. Nose fillers, however, may not be recommended for those with major nose deformities or for those who want to reduce the size of their nose.

What Happens Before the Procedure?
The aesthetician at the aesthetic clinic in Singapore will have to examine the person’s nose and take photos. Specifically, the angles of the dorsal, nasofrontal, and nasolabial profiles are examined closely because the nose fillers can only be effective if the aesthetician can predict the projection of the nasal tip of the patient.

You will be asked to smile or speak during the measurements to make sure that the facial movements can still look as natural as possible. Only patients with less than 120 degrees of frontal angle and less than 90 degrees of nasolabial angle can have nose fillers.

Some aesthetic clinics who do coolsculpting in Singapore also provide a list of nose features that can be improved with nose fillers; such as flat bridge, asymmetrical nose, crooked nose, and the imbalance of the nose size compared to other features on the face.

What Happens During the Procedure?
The aesthetician will prepare the target areas first after the thorough examination. An anesthesia must be injected first before the filler can be injected. Once this is done, the aesthetician will massage the injected filler to mold it into the desired shape. The nose fillers may be injected into one or more areas depending on the shape you want to achieve.

What is a Nose Filler?
A nose filler reshapes the nose by removing the bumps or by adding volume to the nose. The nose filler or dermal filler is injected into specific areas to create these changes. Usually, the effects last for a maximum of 24 months, but the procedure takes not longer than 30 minutes to complete. Nose fillers are also called dermal fillers, and some of the most commonly used in the aesthetic clinic are calcium hydroxylapatite, hyaluronic acid, polyalkylimide, polyactic acid, polymethyl-methacrylate microspheres, and Botulinum toxin A.

1. Calcium hydroxylapatite is a calcium-based nose filler that can last for up to 14 months. It does not cause allergies based on studies, but the effects are irreversible.

2. Hyaluronic acid usually lasts for up to ten months and is known to produce no side effects or allergies. It can also be dissolved with hyaluronidase injections.

3. Polyalkylimide, a permanent filler, will not react with the tissues and therefore cannot cause allergies. When injected, the gel is slowly surrounded by collagen, but the effects can still be reversed.

4. Polyactic acid can cause the body to create more collagen and that it why it is known as a stimulator. This has been used in cosmetic procedures for almost 50 years and has been proven to be safe. However, you will need several trips to the aesthetic clinic in Singapore to see the results.

5. Polymethyl-methacrylate microspheres are semi-permanent and can be a substitute for hyaluronic therapy. However, several injections are needed before you can see its effects.

6. Botulinum toxin A, more commonly known as Botox, can be used to fill in gaps in the nose and the effects are also reversible. The effects usually last for up to 12 months and there are no known severe side-effects to date.

What is a Temporary Filler?
A temporary nose filler, also called a reversible filler is used for the first-time patient to test its effects. The patient must go back to the aesthetic clinic in Singapore after 6 months to determine if the nose fillers is effective, and if there is an improvement, another filler might be recommended.

What is a Permanent Filler?
The permanent filler is a type of nose filler recommended for patients who are happy with the improvements of the first nose fillers. The effect lasts longer than the temporary filler for up to 18 months.

What are the Benefits of Nose Fillers?
Nose fillers only correct minor problems, unlike surgical rhinoplasty which is recommended for correcting major flaws. The goal of injecting nose fillers is to hide flaws like bumps, indentations, asymmetry, and abnormalities. It can correct common nose problems such as dorsal humps, ski slope, crooked nose, button nose, retracted columella, and dragon nose. It is cheaper than surgical rhinoplasty, has fewer side effects, and faster recovery time.

What are the Side Effects?
Nose fillers have minimal to no side effects, but make sure that you visit only a reputable aesthetic clinic in Singapore to avoid problems. Expect minimal swelling and pain, but these will usually go away after some time.

Which Bike Size is Right for You?

There is a formula to finding the best bicycle for your age, height, and weight that you can use the next time you decide to go to the bicycle shop in Singapore for a new set of wheels or bicycle accessories. Choosing the right bike size for you will not only increase your comfort, but will also reduce the risk of accidents and costly repairs and upgrades.

Your Measurements
Getting the right measurements for the right bicycle size is different for children and adults, because the smaller bicycles for children are measured by the diameter of the wheels, while the big adult bicycles are measured by the frame. Children should be able to use the bicycle flat-footedly to make it easier for them to brake using their feet or to dismount from the bike.

How do you get your measurements? Just measure your height and the inside leg measurement or inseam by standing with your legs about 15 cm apart. The leg inseam refers to the length of the inner leg from the ankles to the top of the thigh, with an allowance of 5 cm. For children, the easiest way to determine if the bike is the right size is to let him/her try the bike at the bicycle shop before purchasing. There is a bike size chart to guide parents, but not all children at certain ages have the same height and build, so this can only be a general guide at best.

Bike Measurements
For adults, there are five ways to determine if the bike size is right for you, but the simplest is to follow the height-bike size chart. You might find this chart at the bicycle shop in Singapore, but these are based on average height to bike size statistics only and should not be considered as the only determining factor. Another way to determine if the bike size is right for you is based on the type of advanced bicycle you’re planning to purchase at the bicycle shop in Singapore, such as a mountain bike, city bike, and road bike.

Generally, mountain bikes are divided into six sizes (XS to XXL) based on the persons height, but as a rule, your inseam should have an allowance of at least 5 centimeters from your inner thigh to the saddle. For most experienced riders, the saddle height is usually the determining factor, because low saddles will make it difficult for you to use the pedals, but if it’s too high, you’ll have a hard time finding your balance as well. When trying out bicycles at the bicycle shop in Singapore, make sure that your one leg at the lowest point is parallel to the ground, and you can bend your knees comfortably when cycling.

Types of Bicycles
There are different bicycles available for children and adults in Singapore, but most are classified based on the bicycle accessories included and the riding styles for advanced riders.

For children, parents can pick from among the following styles based on the age and skill level of child: balance bicycle, tag-along bicycle, trike, training wheels, and adapted bicycle. Most children’s bikes usually include bicycle accessories for safety, such as helmet, knee and elbow pads, lock, lights, pump, and special brakes.

Advanced bicycles on the other hand include the following: road racing, trail, cross-country, fat, all-mountain, and downhill, sportive road, triathlon, touring, cyclocross, randonneur, fixed gear, track, porteur, hybrid, folding, Dutch, dirt jump, electric, BMX, expedition, and hardcore bicycles.