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Special Offers on Villa Anetta
Villa Anetta- 25 % discount for all available weeks until 4th May
Villa Anetta is an independant villa, built in the second half of the 18th century, is the centre of a property of over 18 acres of woods and olive groves. It is on the last western slopes of Mount Albano, approximately 250mt. above sea level.
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Casale Fiorentina - 10% discount on any weeks from the 2-25th May 2013
This enchanting , newly renovated stone villa in situated in a wonderful, panoramic position overlooking the valley of the 'Val di Chiana'. The villa is surrounded by olive groves and fields of grapevines and is the perfect setting..
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Villa del Cigno - 20% discount for reservations made up until 31st March 2013.
Find yourself completely emerged in the beauty of Tuscan villa rental del Cigno in Lucca, Italy sleeps 12 persons with outdoor pool, internet, fax, microwave and telephone facilities.


Susan Cashman  Wedding in August 2002. Villa Monte 3
'We had he best time , the service in Siena was amazing - very emotional - everyone was crying! Then we went to one of the bars across the square for some bubbly and stayed there for a couple of hours.
June  February 2013
I want to thank you for all your help in creating a truly wonderful vacation for us and our friends. The Villa Martinaia was perfect.

Customer Satisfaction - You need only to read past comments from happy customers to see that we really do help to make this dream vacation a reality. We are real people, offering a real service and will work with you until we find the perfect solution for your Italian adventure.

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Often visitors to Italy are also looking for a memorable wine tasting excursion with your own private driver, a private chef to your villa for a mouthwatering italian meal, cooking and wine appreciation classes, a knowledgeable guide to walk you through the art cities or maybe even a program specifically designed for the younger members of your group.... We can organize any of these additional activities and more, even something as simple as a museum booking or suggesting a restaurant. We know Tuscany inside and out and it is our pleasure to make sure you make the most of your time here and have our support not only throughout the selection and booking but also afterwards for extra services. See some of our excellent excursions’ here!

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Let the experts take the confusion out of finding a villa for you. It is a mindboggling task to try to find the perfect tuscany villa rental and teamed with a great website where you can search by your budget or specific area or even look at past guest comments, we provide a consultant for you to understand exactly what you are looking for and help you through the process step by step and then any assistance needed during your vacation. Contact us now to ensure the best Tuscany villa rental selection for your vacation.


10 Plumbing Red Flags that Need a Pro Plumber

Plumbing is like that dirty little secret that no one wants to talk about, because who would want to discuss leaky toilets and clogged drains? But ignoring these problems can cost you a lot for repairs and renovations, not to mention earn you a reputation of having a dirty, smelly bathroom especially if you own a business or an office. Watch out for these ten warning signs that tell you there are problems in your home or your office’s plumbing works.

1. Leaky or Dripping Faucets

Can’t sleep from the sound of the faucet dripping every night? Has your water bill suddenly spiked after you have noticed that you cannot fully turn of your faucet? The problem has become so common that most households choose to ignore the problem because it’s bothersome replacing the faucets. It isn’t a major leak after all. But why wait for the pipes to burst, when you can simply call a recommended plumber from Singapore to fix the problem. It’s a lot cheaper to replace leaky faucets, shower heads, and pipes than to commission a repair with a plumbing contractor.

2. Leaky or Sputtering Toilet

Admit it, not all of us would willingly want to do the dirty work to fix a leaky toilet, but like dripping faucets, a gurgling, bubbling or sputtering toilet can cause a lot of money when the problem becomes simply more than an annoyance whenever you pull the flusher. There are a lot of problems to watch out for such as strange noises, ghost flushing, and a malfunctioning flusher, but a scheduled maintenance with a plumbing services company in Singapore can save you a lot of money.

3. Stains on the Ceilings or Walls

When you see these signs, it’s usually bad news, because the stains are caused by major leaks I the pipes or some other part of the plumbing works. Repairs can be a hassle especially if you live in a residential complex and the leak isn’t coming from you but from one of your neighbors. Call a 24 hours plumber if it’s an emergency or arrange for an inspection and repair with a plumbing contractor to address the problem.

4. Bad Odor

Although it’s not unusual for public restrooms and bathrooms to smell, it could be a warning sign that there are problems in the plumbing works if the smell doesn’t go away after cleaning. Call a reliable plumber to inspect the drains, pipes, and the sewer line that may be causing the foul odor. It’s also a good idea to schedule a regular checkup and maintenance if you own an office or a business, so you wouldn’t gain a bad reputation from your clients and customers.

5. Weak Water Pressure

Poor water pressure is usually caused by clogged pipes, a problem that should be addressed immediately by contacting a plumbing services company in Singapore to replace the leaky or old pipes that could later cause structural damage in the building.

6. Poor or Clogged Drainage

Some of the common causes of poor drains are old and faulty pipes, buildup of debris and grease, and damage to the sewer pipes. Not only will your drains become a home to bacteria, mold, and vermin, but it will also leave a foul odor and damage the structure if it’s not addressed. Call the nearest plumbing services to determine the cause of the poor drainage and prevent major plumbing problems. You should also schedule a regular cleaning and inspection of the drains to prevent buildup of grease, soap, dirt, and other debris.

7. Mold and Mildew

Mold growth in the kitchen and bathroom can be a health hazard, but it is also a sign that there is a problem in your plumbing somewhere. Mold and mildew, a type of mold, thrive in areas that are damp and dark, and might be an indication that there is a hidden leak in that area. Call a reliable plumber in Singapore to conduct an inspection.

8. No Hot Water from Water Heater

The installation, repair and maintenance of water heaters in commercial and residential buildings are also part of the plumbing services company’s job, that is why you should only hire a licensed plumber to install your water heater system properly to avoid problems later. The water heater also needs constant maintenance because it is prone to a lot of problems. If there is not hot water coming from the system for example, it could be caused by a faulty heating element or thermostat or a blown fuse.

9. Cloudy or Dirty Water

Even if you don’t drink from the tap, you should make it a habit to inspect the quality of the water to determine if your plumbing has problems. A cloudy or dirty tap can be caused be several factors such as the accumulation of manganese in the pipes, carbon dioxide bubbles, copper pipe erosion that could also cause a metallic taste, chemical permeation especially if the pipes are made with polyethylene, or the presence of blue-green algae. The first two are harmless and will only cause either brownish or milky white water, but for the rest, contact http://www.superplumbers.sg/ as soon as possible.

10. Weak and Stained Bathroom Tiles

Improper installation of ceramic tile flooring can cause a lot of problems in the plumbing, but most people do not notice this until the problem has caused the tiles to become stained and weakened. Like the water stains on the walls and ceilings and damages in the drainage and supply pipes can cause structural damage when ignored, but by this time the problem has already become significant enough to require a renovation. To prevent this from happening look out for recurring mold and mildew growth, musty odors, gaps in the tiles and caulking, and warps or breaks in the bathroom walls. Contact a plumbing contractor in Singapore to address the problem.

How are Trademark Rights Enforced?

Trademark registration is not a mandatory process for companies, businesses, and organizations in Singapore, although a registered mark will include advantages that an unregistered mark does not have.

Trademarks as Intellectual Property

If a company decides to apply to register trademark at the Intellectual Property Office of Singapore (IPOS), the owner will in effect be applying for the protection from infringement and obtain exclusive rights to a trademark.

A trademark is one of the components of intellectual property, which is also made up of patents, copyrights, designs, and trade secret. It is a distinctive symbol, name, numeral, letter, design, color, shape, or other devices that distinguishes the company from other traders and firms. The registered mark is used to communicate to the consumers a company’s identity, message, and the type of products and/or services they produce/render. Trademark registration’s basic principle therefore, is to give the company the exclusive right to use that unique mark to indicate where the goods and/or services came from.

The importance that Singapore places in intellectual property rights is shown in nothing less than the Singapore Trademark Act that was passed in 1998 as a response to the Paris Convention for the Protection of Intellectual Property. The country is also a signatory to a number of international conventions, such as; Berne Convention, Budapest Treaty, Madrid Protocol, Nice Agreement, Patent Cooperation Treaty, The Geneva Act of The Hague Agreement, UPOV Convention, WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty, and WIPO Copyright Treaty.

The purpose of protecting a trademark through a trademark registration is to discourage unfair competition from companies that seek to confuse consumers with similar or copied marks. To register TM means that a company’s mark registered with trademark registration at Singapore is no longer an unregistered trademark or an unregistered service mark that other competitors can imitate for their benefit. It will be easier to sue companies for infringement, the term for trademark violation, and to receive damages because the burden of proof of ownership will fall on the offender.

Protection of a Trademark

Trademarks that can be protected under the trademark laws include word/s, a combination of words, numerals, letters, symbols, drawings, shapes, colors, and even sounds. There are conditions that must be met, however. Before the owner can apply to register trademark, it must meet the following criteria: the trademark must be graphically represented; it should distinguish the products and/or services of the company from competitors; it should be unique; it should not include descriptions of the products and/or services; and it must be in the customary language. In some countries, features such as taste and smell can be registered, but these are not accepted in Singapore.

When the application for a trademark registration is approved, the owner can enjoy the protection of the Singapore Trademarks Act in the event of an infringement. If there are similar marks that wish to apply for protection, the IPOS operates in a first-to-file policy, which is why it is sometimes recommended to file an application to register trademark before the mark is even used in public. There is also a rule that the owner of the registered mark must use it within five years from the date of the approval so that it cannot be revoked due to non-use.

There are many ways to protect a trademark from infringement that are covered by the laws, which includes the following:

1. Trademark Registration: The first step of course is to protect your brand by registering your trademark. The IPOS handles all the trademark registration application in Singapore, but if you wish to apply for protection in other territories, you could also apply for international trademark registration.

2. Use of Notices: Some unregistered trademarks use the symbol ™ to indicate that they are claiming ownership of the mark. However, the symbol does not mean the trademark is registered. The ® symbol on the other hand, will tell the consumers that it is a registered mark. Trademarks registered with http://www.brandmark.sg/ in Singapore that have not been registered or still have pending applications are not allowed to use the ® symbol.

3. Pursue Infringers: Owners with registered marks can actively pursue infringers because they have a strong case against violators. They can also pursue cases such as dilution where the trademark is used to destroy or tarnish the image of a company. This is still considered an infringement.

4. Controlled Licensing: An owner with a registered mark can choose to license the trademark with other parties through an agreement. The owner still has control over the products and/or services of the company and may be compensated monetarily.

5. Owner Responsibility: The owner of the registered mark is also responsible for keeping the image of the company strong and reliable for the consumers. Alterations and additions in the trademark that will confuse the consumers will weaken the trademark and the company’s image, although a family of marks similar to the registered trademark can be created to strengthen its value.

Benefits of a Trademark

A registered mark is protected for ten years from the date of the application and may be renewed indefinitely for another ten years. The trademark registration process in Singapore usually takes between 8 to 12 months, but the benefits are worth the wait.

• Trademark as an Asset: A registered mark is considered an asset and an intangible property of the company. It distinguishes your company from other competitors and can be used to expand or improve your business. It can be sold or licensed to other parties like any other type of property, too.

• Trademark as a Protection: A registered mark will protect the identity of your company. Consumers will recognize your products and/or services right away from among the numerous competitors. It will also serve as a legal protection that will prevent other competitors from trying to confuse your consumers. In case of legal disputes, the registered mark has more advantages than an unregistered trademark, and will cost the company time and money to defend.

Common Office Printer and Copier Issues to Watch Out For

The copier machine and the office printer are among the most useful devices in any office in Singapore. That is why there are multifunction printers and copiers that can do a lot of things such as fax, scan, email, and support different types of devices and connections. Other machines have specialized functions for specific needs, such as the colour printer and graphic arts printer, but even with the host of improved features, the laser printer or copier machine also come with a host of complicated problems.

What are the most common copier and office printer problems you should look out for when you buy printer in Singapore?

Paper Jams

The most common problem with a copier or office printer is the paper jam, so the machine should come with a guide on how to deal with this problem. First, you need to inspect the paper path so you can remove the jammed paper. Your printer supplier will warn you not to leave any stuck paper when clearing the jam, especially in between the rollers. Make it a habit to check the paper tray’s alignment before copying or printing and use only the type of paper that is supported by the copier machine or laser printer.

Slow Printing

It’s frustrating when the staff needs to finish a lot of paperwork within the day but the laser printer doesn’t want to cooperate. Slow printing is usually caused by memory issues, use of the type of drivers, and a very high-resolution setting. To solve this problem, printing colored materials with a office printer in Singapore should be done separately from printing of mono text in a specialized printer, so if your office needs to print images, buy printer such as a graphic art printer or colour printer. If your office is using a laser printer, make sure that it supports a variety of drivers, and set the resolution to standard or normal if you don’t need high-quality documents. Finally, use a simplex mode instead of a two-sided printing process to accelerate printing.

Lines or Dirt on Paper

The lines or dirt on the documents may be caused by a dirty scanner mirror, faulty drum unit, or faulty fusers. If cleaning the mirrors don’t do the trick, the machine needs to be inspected by a mechanic to check the drum and fusers. These parts will need to be replaced by the manufacturer or the office supplies provider.


Overheating is still possible even if the copier machine is placed in a well-ventilated area. Make sure that the employees check the warning codes before proceeding with any printing activities to avoid damaging the machine completely or causing fire. The copier needs to be cooled after every few hours or you will need to buy another machine if one cannot handle all the task.

Toner or Cartridge Issues

To avoid issues with the toner or cartridge, use only the products that are compatible with your laser printer or copier machine. Check the ink level regularly before printing and do not replace your toner or cartridge with third-party products that will result in low-quality documents.

Ink or Toner Expenses

It’s not usually the machines that will cost the office a lot of money, but the ink and toner replacement. When buying a printer in Singapore, consider how many documents need to be printed within a day and if the staff needs high-quality materials. If office documents do not need to be high-quality printouts, then set the resolution in standard quality. For offices in Singapore that need a large output of printed materials daily, a high-capacity toner or cartridge is ideal. If your office doesn’t need to print a lot of documents, however, use only a low-capacity toner or cartridge.

Confusing Codes

A modern copier machine can usually diagnose its problems and report it through the LED screens using codes. To avoid confusion, make sure your staff is briefed about the common error codes besides paper jam and low ink levels. You can also post the common error codes near the copier machine for reference. This will save your company money by not resorting to the mechanic or IT personnel all the time to fix minor problems.

Light or Dark Copies

If the documents are either too light or too dark, check the density controls on the machine and reset it to its previous solution. If this doesn’t work, the drum unit might need replacement from the manufacturer.

Spots on the Page

The spots on copied documents might be caused by a dirty mirror or drum unit. The mirror can be cleaned, but the drum might need replacement if the spots on the documents appear on random parts. Contact your manufacturer or office supplies provider to fix the problem.

Scanning Issues

If your copier’s or printer’s scanner doesn’t work anymore, try reinstalling the software because it might be corrupted. If this doesn’t solve the problem, you will need to contact your office supplies provider or the manufacturer to check the machine.

Low-Quality Photos

If your graphic art printer or colour printer isn’t printing quality photos, check the paper that you’re using. The manual usually includes instructions on the type of photo paper that you should use, and make sure to key in the right paper type on the settings before printing. If these do not work, check your ink level or do a print head alignment and nozzle cleaning.

Printer isn’t Printing

The copier machine or the office printer might not be printing because of several issues. Check the type of paper loaded on the tray, the correct connection of cables, the setup of default printers, and the correct installation of network-connected and USB-connected computers. There is a printer in Singapore with a two-way communication feature that can diagnose copier and office printer issues without having to physically check the machine. If all these precautions don’t work, you will need to reboot your printer or restart your software application.

Questions to Ask Before Engaging a Cosmetic Surgeon

As you start researching for a potential plastic surgeon in Singapore, you probably already have many questions that you’re dying to ask. Or maybe you’re quite lost and don’t know where to start or what questions to ask. Most people get intimidated simply by the thought of questioning an authority, and who is more of an authority figure than a cosmetic surgeon? After all, he is the person who could potentially improve or worsen your looks.

However, there’s a lot of things that you should consider before deciding to engage a particular aesthetic clinic or surgeon to get your injectable nose fillers. You would definitely want to know as much as possible about the skills and experiences of your prospective surgeon. So without dragging it further, we’ve listed some of the questions that you should ask your surgeon before deciding if he’s the right person to perform your procedure.

1. Are you a Board Certified Surgeon?
You might be asking as to what it exactly means to get a board-certified plastic surgeon. Getting a board-certified surgeon means that you’re hiring a surgeon that passed and completed an extensive, specialized training that doesn’t just show his experience and knowledge but also his commitment to provide an excellent service in the field.

There are actually a good number of certifying boards that are meant for plastic surgeon, but there are only few certifying boards that are considered as a gold standard in surgeon certification around the area in Singapore. Keep in mind though, that a certification isn’t the only thing that you should look out for since there are also other factors to be considered in choosing the right surgeon.

2. How many times have you performed this procedure?
It’s quite obvious that nobody wants to be there surgeon’s first nose job, even if it’s just injecting some nose fillers. Aside from that, most of us might not even want to be one of the first fifty patients that the surgeon who does nose fillers at Singapore could operate on and practice his medical techniques. Personally, I would hire a surgeon who has performed a particular cosmetic procedure over 200 or more times.

When you’re going to visit your surgeon, don’t feel embarrassed or rude about asking this question. It’s better to be uncomfortable and embarrassed than disfigured, right?

3. Who will assist in the procedure and where will it be done?
Knowing who will be part of your surgeon’s surgical support team is also important. In discussing this with your surgeon, do ask the following questions:

• Who will be monitoring and administering the anesthesia?
• Will there be any emergency staff available in case of a problem?
• If the procedure will be performed either in a teaching hospital, will there be interns or medical students assisting?

Aside from the surgical assistance, it’s also important that you know where the procedure will be done. Some surgeons opt to perform in hospitals, while some are more comfortable in their aesthetic clinic. Keep in mind that the complexity of your procedure should be considered in deciding on the place as to where the surgery would be performed.

4. Do you have any hospital privileges to do this procedure?
Even if your procedure will be done outside of the hospital, it’s still worth to ask your surgeon if he has hospital privileges to perform the cosmetic procedure since some hospitals have strict requirements and regarding the surgeon’s training and safety records before they grant a practitioner’s operating privileges. Also, these privileges can become important in case something unexpected would occur during your procedure.

5. What is the exact breakdown of the costs for the procedure?
Most people who undergo a cosmetic surgery don’t just realize that there’s actually a lot more to your total surgical fee than just your surgeon’s fee. Aside from that, other fees include laboratory fees, operating room fees, anesthesia fees and other variables that could add up to the cost. It would also be wiser if you ask for a written breakdown, so that you won’t be facing some ugly surprises when your operation is all set and done.

Looking for a cosmetic surgeon who will perform your procedure isn’t really easy. Aside from the skills and experience that you should consider, it’s also important that you’re comfortable in working with your surgeon, and with the help of these tips, we’re hoping that you’ll be able to find the right surgeon that you’re looking for.

Breaking Down the Nose Filler Job Procedure

Nose fillers, also called non-surgical rhinoplasty, is an alternative to surgical rhinoplasty that is offered in the best aesthetic clinic in Singapore. It is still an augmentation procedure, mostly for cosmetic reasons, that is considered safer than going under the knife because it has a faster healing time and there is only minimal pain.

You may be wondering how this is possible, so, let’s break down the nose filler procedure to understand how it’s done and what are its effects.

Who Can Get Nose Fillers?
Nose fillers are ideal for individuals who are only looking to correct minor cosmetic problems without the pain of surgery. If you have bulges or bumps on your nose for example, you can consult an aesthetician at the nearest aesthetic clinic in Singapore to determine the best procedure. You will not need a cosmetic surgeon for this, but make sure that you visit a reputable aesthetic clinic to avoid issues. Nose fillers, however, may not be recommended for those with major nose deformities or for those who want to reduce the size of their nose.

What Happens Before the Procedure?
The aesthetician at the aesthetic clinic in Singapore will have to examine the person’s nose and take photos. Specifically, the angles of the dorsal, nasofrontal, and nasolabial profiles are examined closely because the nose fillers can only be effective if the aesthetician can predict the projection of the nasal tip of the patient.

You will be asked to smile or speak during the measurements to make sure that the facial movements can still look as natural as possible. Only patients with less than 120 degrees of frontal angle and less than 90 degrees of nasolabial angle can have nose fillers.

Some aesthetic clinics who do coolsculpting in Singapore also provide a list of nose features that can be improved with nose fillers; such as flat bridge, asymmetrical nose, crooked nose, and the imbalance of the nose size compared to other features on the face.

What Happens During the Procedure?
The aesthetician will prepare the target areas first after the thorough examination. An anesthesia must be injected first before the filler can be injected. Once this is done, the aesthetician will massage the injected filler to mold it into the desired shape. The nose fillers may be injected into one or more areas depending on the shape you want to achieve.

What is a Nose Filler?
A nose filler reshapes the nose by removing the bumps or by adding volume to the nose. The nose filler or dermal filler is injected into specific areas to create these changes. Usually, the effects last for a maximum of 24 months, but the procedure takes not longer than 30 minutes to complete. Nose fillers are also called dermal fillers, and some of the most commonly used in the aesthetic clinic are calcium hydroxylapatite, hyaluronic acid, polyalkylimide, polyactic acid, polymethyl-methacrylate microspheres, and Botulinum toxin A.

1. Calcium hydroxylapatite is a calcium-based nose filler that can last for up to 14 months. It does not cause allergies based on studies, but the effects are irreversible.

2. Hyaluronic acid usually lasts for up to ten months and is known to produce no side effects or allergies. It can also be dissolved with hyaluronidase injections.

3. Polyalkylimide, a permanent filler, will not react with the tissues and therefore cannot cause allergies. When injected, the gel is slowly surrounded by collagen, but the effects can still be reversed.

4. Polyactic acid can cause the body to create more collagen and that it why it is known as a stimulator. This has been used in cosmetic procedures for almost 50 years and has been proven to be safe. However, you will need several trips to the aesthetic clinic in Singapore to see the results.

5. Polymethyl-methacrylate microspheres are semi-permanent and can be a substitute for hyaluronic therapy. However, several injections are needed before you can see its effects.

6. Botulinum toxin A, more commonly known as Botox, can be used to fill in gaps in the nose and the effects are also reversible. The effects usually last for up to 12 months and there are no known severe side-effects to date.

What is a Temporary Filler?
A temporary nose filler, also called a reversible filler is used for the first-time patient to test its effects. The patient must go back to the aesthetic clinic in Singapore after 6 months to determine if the nose fillers is effective, and if there is an improvement, another filler might be recommended.

What is a Permanent Filler?
The permanent filler is a type of nose filler recommended for patients who are happy with the improvements of the first nose fillers. The effect lasts longer than the temporary filler for up to 18 months.

What are the Benefits of Nose Fillers?
Nose fillers only correct minor problems, unlike surgical rhinoplasty which is recommended for correcting major flaws. The goal of injecting nose fillers is to hide flaws like bumps, indentations, asymmetry, and abnormalities. It can correct common nose problems such as dorsal humps, ski slope, crooked nose, button nose, retracted columella, and dragon nose. It is cheaper than surgical rhinoplasty, has fewer side effects, and faster recovery time.

What are the Side Effects?
Nose fillers have minimal to no side effects, but make sure that you visit only a reputable aesthetic clinic in Singapore to avoid problems. Expect minimal swelling and pain, but these will usually go away after some time.

Which Bike Size is Right for You?

There is a formula to finding the best bicycle for your age, height, and weight that you can use the next time you decide to go to the bicycle shop in Singapore for a new set of wheels or bicycle accessories. Choosing the right bike size for you will not only increase your comfort, but will also reduce the risk of accidents and costly repairs and upgrades.

Your Measurements
Getting the right measurements for the right bicycle size is different for children and adults, because the smaller bicycles for children are measured by the diameter of the wheels, while the big adult bicycles are measured by the frame. Children should be able to use the bicycle flat-footedly to make it easier for them to brake using their feet or to dismount from the bike.

How do you get your measurements? Just measure your height and the inside leg measurement or inseam by standing with your legs about 15 cm apart. The leg inseam refers to the length of the inner leg from the ankles to the top of the thigh, with an allowance of 5 cm. For children, the easiest way to determine if the bike is the right size is to let him/her try the bike at the bicycle shop before purchasing. There is a bike size chart to guide parents, but not all children at certain ages have the same height and build, so this can only be a general guide at best.

Bike Measurements
For adults, there are five ways to determine if the bike size is right for you, but the simplest is to follow the height-bike size chart. You might find this chart at the bicycle shop in Singapore, but these are based on average height to bike size statistics only and should not be considered as the only determining factor. Another way to determine if the bike size is right for you is based on the type of advanced bicycle you’re planning to purchase at the bicycle shop in Singapore, such as a mountain bike, city bike, and road bike.

Generally, mountain bikes are divided into six sizes (XS to XXL) based on the persons height, but as a rule, your inseam should have an allowance of at least 5 centimeters from your inner thigh to the saddle. For most experienced riders, the saddle height is usually the determining factor, because low saddles will make it difficult for you to use the pedals, but if it’s too high, you’ll have a hard time finding your balance as well. When trying out bicycles at the bicycle shop in Singapore, make sure that your one leg at the lowest point is parallel to the ground, and you can bend your knees comfortably when cycling.

Types of Bicycles
There are different bicycles available for children and adults in Singapore, but most are classified based on the bicycle accessories included and the riding styles for advanced riders.

For children, parents can pick from among the following styles based on the age and skill level of child: balance bicycle, tag-along bicycle, trike, training wheels, and adapted bicycle. Most children’s bikes usually include bicycle accessories for safety, such as helmet, knee and elbow pads, lock, lights, pump, and special brakes.

Advanced bicycles on the other hand include the following: road racing, trail, cross-country, fat, all-mountain, and downhill, sportive road, triathlon, touring, cyclocross, randonneur, fixed gear, track, porteur, hybrid, folding, Dutch, dirt jump, electric, BMX, expedition, and hardcore bicycles.